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Energy Performance Certificate (EPC)

Metta Stockman


Understanding an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) before buying or selling a property is extremely useful. For buyers, it allows you to check the running costs and environmental impact of the property. For sellers, it suggests improvements you can make before marketing your property for maximum return.


What is an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC)?

An Energy Performance Certificate, or EPC, measures the energy efficiency of a property.

The report includes information about the property’s energy use, typical costs to heat and power it, and recommendations on how to reduce energy use and save money.

The report provides two ratings: the energy efficiency rating and the environmental impact rating. Both are measured on a traffic light scale from A (most efficient) to G (least efficient). A more efficient rating means lower energy bills.


When do I need an EPC?

An EPC is legally required whenever a property is built, sold, or rented, and the report lasts for 10 years. In Scotland, it’s mandatory to display the EPC somewhere in the property, such as in the boiler or meter cupboard.


How do I get an EPC?

An EPC report can only be produced by an assessor who is a member of a Scottish Government-approved organization. You can search for an assessor in your area on the Scottish EPC register.


How can I check if I have an EPC or get a copy of the certificate?

To find out if a property already has an EPC, type your address into the government register. If the property has a valid EPC, you can download and save it as a PDF for free.


Are there any exceptions?

Yes, there are exceptions. The only buildings that do not require an EPC are:

  • Standalone buildings (other than dwellings) with a useful floor area of less than 50 m².
  • Temporary buildings with a planned use of two years or less.
  • Buildings with a low energy demand, such as non-residential agricultural buildings and workshops.
  • Buildings sold for the purpose of demolition.


What is the Average EPC Rating in Scotland?

The current average energy efficiency rating in Scotland is band D (61), and the average environmental impact rating is band D (59).


Key Takeaways

  • An EPC measures a property’s energy efficiency and environmental impact.
  • It’s legally required when building, selling, or renting a property.
  • Only qualified assessors can produce an EPC.
  • Some buildings are exempt from needing an EPC.
  • The average EPC rating in Scotland is band D.

For more information and assistance with your property transactions, contact a TSPC solicitor estate agent.